Sports and Physical Education: Factual bonus to health


Pure thinking mind and good physical effects are the worthy results of proper physical education, but there are secondary effects that bring health benefits through psychosocial, personal development, and less alcohol consumption. Negative effects, such as the risk of failure, grievances, eating disorders, and burnout, are also deceptive because physical activity is gradually steered in a systematized way; the role of sport in society has become increasingly important over the years, not only for the individual but also for public health. Here intend to term sport’s physiological and physical health benefits.

We know that physical activity can benefit participants in many ways. These benefits are not, however, natural by-products of random participation. Physical education programs must be designed specifically to reach selected objectives. Some of the beneficial outcomes which can be achieved through participation in the appropriate kinds

Our daily lives are becoming less physically active, while organized exercise and training increase. Average energy consumption is increasing, creating energy spare, and thus, we are seeing a cumulative number of people who are overweight, which is a strong contributor to health problems

The benefits of Physical Education can be categorized in different ways. 

Reduced risk of heart disease: Physical education can counteract major risk factors of coronary heart disease obesity, inactivity, and high blood pressure.

Improved physical fitness: A good program improves children's muscular strength, flexibility, muscular endurance, body composition (fat-to-muscle ratio), and cardiovascular endurance.

Stronger bones: Regular physical activity increases bone density to create a sturdy skeleton.

Weight regulation: A good program can help children regulate their weight by burning calories, toning their bodies, and improving their overall body composition.

Health promotion: Appropriate physical activity prevents the onset of some diseases and postpones the debilitating effects of the aging process.

Improved judgment: Quality physical education can influence moral development. Students can assume leadership, cooperate with others and accept responsibility for their behavior.

Self-discipline: A good program teaches and children to follow rules and established procedures and to be responsible for the own health-related fitness.

Skill development: Physical education develops skills that allow enjoyable and rewarding participation in physical activities. New skills become easier to learn.

Experience setting goals: Physical education gives children the time and encouragement they need to set and strive for personal, achievable goals.

Improved self-confidence and self-esteem: Physical education instills a strong sense of self-worth in children. They can become more confident, assertive, emotionally stable, independent, and self-controlled.

Stress reduction: Physical activity is an outlet for releasing tension and anxiety.

Strengthened peer relationships: Physical education can be a major force in helping children socialize with others more successfully. Being able to participate in games and sports is an important part of fitting in, especially for those in late childhood and early adolescence.

Reduced risk of depression: Physical education is effective in the promotion of mental health.

While the physical health benefits of exercise are frequently discussed, the psychological benefits are often overlooked. But research shows exercise can be quite beneficial for mental health. Physical activity may help ward off mental health problems before they start. Additionally, research shows exercise can improve the symptoms of many existing mental illnesses. Exercise decreases stress hormones. It decreases stress hormones like cortisol, also increases endorphins your body's ‘feel-good’ chemicals giving your mood a natural boost.

Physical activity distracts you from negative thoughts and emotions. Physical activity can take your mind off your problems and either redirect it to the activity at hand or get you into a meditated state.

Exercise promotes confidence. It can help you lose weight, tone your body, and maintain a healthy glow and a smile. You may feel a subtle but significant boost in your mood as your clothes look more flattering and you project an aura of increased strength.

Physical activity can be a good source of social support. The benefits of social support are well-documented, and many activities can be social activities as well. So whether you join an exercise class or you play softball in a league, exercising with others can give you a double dose of stress relief.

Better physical health may mean better mental health. Improving your overall health and longevity with exercise can save you a great deal of stress in the short run, by strengthening your immunity to colds, the flu, and other minor illnesses and the long run, by helping you stay healthier longer, and enjoy life more because of it.

Exercise provides a buffer against stress. Physical activity may be linked to lower physiological reactivity toward stress. Simply put, those who get more exercise may become less affected by the stress they face. So, in addition to all the other benefits, exercise may supply some immunity toward future stress as well to cope with current stress

Relevance of Sport

Sport is a double-edged sword regarding its effects on health. Positive effects are achieved primarily through physical activity, which is the main part of most sports. Many secondary effects of sport also bring health benefits, such as psychosocial development of both young and old, personal development, later onset, and less consumption of alcohol. Finally, those who play sports have a higher level of physical activity later in life, and through sport, knowledge of nutrition, exercise, and health can be developed. Negative effects include the risk of failure leading to poor mental health, risk of injury, eating disorders, burnout, and exercise-induced gastrointestinal tract discomfort. In sport, there are unfortunately also reports of physical and psychological abuse. Negative aspects are more common in elite-level sports, where there is a fine balance between maximum performance and negative health. A somewhat unexpected effect of sport participation is that people submitting to planned training in some cases perform less physical activity compared to those who are exercising without a set schedule. One explanation can be reduced spontaneous physical activity in the latter group. Because physical activity is increasingly executed in an organized manner, sport’s role in society has become increasingly important over the years, not only for the individual but also for public health.

As for children and young people, many positive health aspects come through sport also for adults and the elderly. Sport builds bridges between generations, a potential but not clarified drive for adults’ motivation for physical activity. The percentage of adults participating in competitive sports has increased across the world since 2010, from about 20 percent to 30 percent of all of those who are physically active, a trend that most likely provides better health for the group in the 30–40 age group and generations to come. Overall sports can be evolving, if personal dimensions, social situations, and biological and psychological maturation are taken into the interpretation. Hereby we can recommend sports for a healthy future.