The changing trends in Indian workforce: NSSO

The changing trends in Indian workforce: NSSO

By SiliconIndia   |   Tuesday, 28 June 2011, 09:37 Hrs
Printer Print Email Email
Bangalore: The workforce in India has changed day by day, and it has turned in a new way. Before we used to see more and more regular workers, but now time has changed and we are experiencing new trends in workforce. The casual worker (worker on a temporary employment contract) is increasing in drastic way. According to a survey by National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) between 2004-05 and 2009-10, the number of casual workers grew by 21.9 million. However the number of regular workers between 1999-2000 and 2004-05 was 5.8 million. The survey also revealed that 51 percent are self-employed, 15.5 percent are regular wagers or salaried employees and 33.5 percent are casual labourers.

NSSO data shows that the worker population ratio has declined in the five-year period ended 2009-10 to 39.2 percent from 42 percent in 2004-05, reports mint. The survey also found that over 54 percent of workers in rural areas were self-employed whereas in urban areas 41 percent were self-employed.

The survey also revealed that female employees receive less pay than their male counterparts for doing the same job. In rural areas the daily wages for male is 91 and for female is 87. In other public works for male the wages is 98 and for female is 86. However in urban areas, men receive 249 a day and women receive 156.

Tapan Sen, Secretary General of the Centre of Indian Trade Unions, said to mint, "Whatever gross domestic product (GDP) is growing, it is because of the labour force. Profit is growing, but the value of labour is going down. On the one hand the industrialists are saying that 92 percent of the workforce is in the informal sector, which means labour laws are not applying on them; on the other hand they are making noise about rigidity. In private sector 80 percent of the workforce is casual; this itself is a violation of rules."

Write your comment now
Submit Reset