Mobile banking fails to take off as RBI opposes move
According to the preliminary proposal, the RBI and the Telecom Regulatory Authority (TRAI) would have been the designated regulators for the domestic banking market, reports Economic Times. RBI came out with operative guidelines for mobile banking in October 2008, allowing only banks to provide mobile banking services and restricting the role of the telcos to facilitators.
Last August, RBI issued 'mobile wallet' guidelines that allowed a role for phone firms. The central bank has concerns about relaxing the rules. Under the current guidelines, mobile phone users can deposit up to 5,000 with telecom operators that can be used for merchant transactions. But, it does not allow any physical transfer of funds outside the banking system.
The major concern raised by RBI is the challenges in efficiently regulating the system, while Home Ministry expressed concerns about national security.
The inter-ministerial group - with representation from the RBI, ministries of Home Affairs, Finance, Telecommunication, Post and Rural Development, along with the Planning Commission, UIDAI and representatives of the telecom regulator Trai - has already discussed the idea.
The Finance Ministry and Planning Commission have not raised any opposition to the idea mooted by the Telecom Ministry on grounds that it would help in bringing about greater financial inclusion. 60 percent of the country's 1.2 billion population has no bank accounts. The number of mobile phone subscribers has crossed 500 million recently and data available with the inter-ministerial group suggests that 40 percent of them do not have a bank account.
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