Hyderabad best place for business: World Bank
By siliconindia | Wednesday, 14 February 2007, 06:00 Hrs
Doing business in Patna and Ranchi is easier than Mumbai or Kolkata. This is a conclusion drawn by the funding agency World Bank in its latest report on business friendliness. The report titled as Doing Business in South Asia 2007, covers eight countries in the World Bank's South Asia region and examines 12 major cities in India, six in Pakistan, and four in Bangladesh. Among Indian cities Hyderabad tops the list followed by Bangalore and Jaipur. The report placed Mumbai at the 11th place, ahead of Kolkata.Typically, large urban centres such as Mumbai and Kolkata have a high volume of business, so regulatory and administrative bottlenecks create serious congestion. Karachi is at the top in Pakistan, while Dhaka ranks best in Bangladesh reported the Times of India. Five reforms in India and two in Pakistan ?reduced the time, cost, and hassle? for businesses to comply with legal and administrative requirements. No other South Asian economies improved business regulations in 2005-2006, ranking the region last in the pace of global reforms. Doing Business in South Asia 2007 is the third in a series of South Asia regional reports based on the methodology of the annual global Doing Business report. It tracks a set of regulatory indicators related to business start-up, operation, trade, payment of taxes, and closure by measuring the time and cost associated with various government requirements. Variables such as macroeconomic policy, quality of infrastructure, currency volatility, investor perceptions, or crime rates are not tracked. The report finds that entrepreneurs in South Asia face large regulatory obstacles to doing business. For example, it takes 18 months of salary, on average in the region, to dismiss a redundant worker. More than a year (425 days) is needed to register property in Bangladesh. Taxes are high: a standard company in India pays 81 percent of commercial profits in taxes, while in Pakistan, it takes 560 hours per year to comply with all tax regulations. The report compares business regulations in the region with 175 economies around the world. The top-ranked countries are the Maldives (53) and Pakistan (74), followed by Bangladesh (88), Sri Lanka (89), Nepal (100), India (134), Bhutan (138), and Afghanistan (162). In 2005-2006, the pace of reform was slower in South Asia than in any other region, with only India and Pakistan starting to improve their business environment.As a region, South Asia performs comparatively well in business start-up and protecting investors. It lags far behind, however, on the ease of employing workers, enforcing contracts, and trading across borders. For example, resolving commercial disputes through the courts is more time-consuming in South Asia than in any other region. On average it takes almost three years (969 days). The report also said that complex and costly business regulations push workers into the underground economy. In India, over 8 million workers have formal jobs in the private sector-in a country of over 1 billion people and a workforce of 458 million. Sri Lanka has over 4 million workers in formal private sector jobs-out of a workforce of about 7 million. In Bangladesh, 7 million workers have formal jobs in the private sector. In northern European countries, where it is easy to do business and people benefit from social protection, less than 8 percent of all economic activity occurs in the underground economy.