U.S. Unit Offers India To Co-Develop, Test Carbon Capture Tech

U.S. Unit Offers India To Co-Develop, Test Carbon Capture Tech

Monday, 31 March 2014, 11:01 Hrs   |    1 Comments
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WASHINGTON: With India relying heavily on coal-fired power plants to meet its electricity needs, a major U.S.' research facility has offered Indian tech experts, scientists and companies the opportunity to co-develop and test technologies related to carbon capture.

Once these technologies are implemented and proven to be cost-effective, they could lead to significant reductions in the amount of CO2 emitted world-wide, officials pushing for this collaboration argued.

The collaboration offer is part of the overall goal of the Obama Administration to accelerate clean energy revolution.

"We are working closely with India to accelerate its clean energy revolution and address the impacts of climate change in vulnerable communities," a White House official told reporters during a conference call.

In the next few weeks, Carbon Clean Solutions, an innovative Indian startup company, is slated to conduct pilot- scale testing of a technology to capture CO2 from power plants and chemical plants.

The technology is a solvent that absorbs CO2 out of the power plant exhaust. Anirhudda Sharma and Prateek Bumb, young IIT alumni and co-founders of CCS, will work with American counterparts to test the solvent.

The testing will be done at the US Department of Energy's National Carbon Capture Center, where technologies that can capture CO2 can be proven in an industrial setting.

Since its inception in 2008, the NCCC has identified and tested technologies from developers around the world seeking innovations capable of dramatically improving the cost and performance of carbon capture.

As a result, the NCCC has made significant progress toward more cost-effective carbon capture solutions.

The NCCC has encouraged international collaboration with previous testing of technologies from Norway, Japan and Canada.

The NCCC is managed and operated by Southern Company, an electric utility serving 4.4 million customers in the Southeastern United States.

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Source: PTI
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Reader's comments(1)
1: Excellent article. Fortunately nature offers plants which help Carbon capture.
There are care-free growth plants like Agave and Opuntia which will be the best options for Biofuel and biogas and subsequent power generation.Already Mexico is pioneer in this. These cn be grown in waste lands of developing countries. Decentralised biofuel plants can be set up in developing countries.Both are CAM Plants.Crassulacean acid metabolism, also known as CAM photosynthesis, is a carbon fixation pathway that evolved in some plants as an adaptation to arid conditions. In a plant using full CAM, the stomata in the leaves remain shut during the day to reduce evapotranspiration, but open at night to collect carbon dioxide (CO2). The CO2 is stored as the four-carbon acid malate, and then used during photosynthesis during the day. The pre-collected CO2 is concentrated around the enzyme RuBisCO, increasing photosynthetic efficiency. Massive plantation of gave and Opuntia will act as Carbon Sink in mitigating Climate Change.
For a long time (Chile, Spain, South Africa and Mexico) have run lab trials re: the production of ethanol from opuntia (called (Nopal, in MX), with excellent results.

India and US can co-operate on Biofuels from Agave and Opuntia. There are millions of hectares of wastelands in India where Agave and Opuntia can be grown. Decentralised energy plants can be setup for power production through biogas route from Agave and Opuntia.
Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP),India
Posted by:Anumakonda - 01 Apr, 2014