5 Endangered Languages of India


With a native speaker count of just 2000, Nihali is a language spoken in the west-central India by the Nihali tribal area, which is just south of the Tapti river in Maharashtra. The Nihali language has adopted number of words from the neighboring languages with 60-70 percent taken from Korku, Dravidian languages and Marathi. Scholars believe that only 25 percent of the language’s original vocabulary is used today. It is said that there are dialectal differences between the versions of Kuvardev-Chalthana and the Jamod-Sonbardi varieties. Generally, Nihali people are agricultural labourers, speakers of languages which are other than Nihali but they work for Korku people, hence helping the native Korku speakers and other from understanding them.