Corporates want end to demands for election funds
Monday, 30 March 2009, 08:31 Hrs | 3 Comments
It is a well-established fact that during elections, candidates and parties in India are largely funded by money that is not accounted for. While corporates have been hesitant to share such details, instances of arm twisting by parties or candidates are not uncommon.
Most members of the corporate sector prefer to remain quite, but Bajaj Auto chairman Rahul Bajaj and Tata Communications chief Subodh Bhargava were quite vocal recently. They said enough was enough and wanted an end to use of black money for elections.
"There is a lot of black money involved," said Abhay Firodia, chairman of Force Motors, which makes commercial vehicles and tractors. "Political parties would not like to account for the money received as funding for elections," Bhargava told IANS.
Industrialists felt the problem also had to do with the limits set on election spending.
Under the present laws, a candidate can spend 10-25 lakh in a parliamentary poll and from 5-10 lakh in an assembly poll. Details of the spending also have to be filed with the Election Commission.
But that is certainly not the amount the candidates of the parties end up spending, as revealed by a recent analysis by the Centre for Media Studies, a city-based think tank that analyses communications and media trends in the country.
"Our studies say that the total expenditure for the upcoming Lok Sabha elections will be around 10,000 crore ($2 billion). The Election Commission's expenditure alone will be about 1,200 crore ($240 million)," said N. Bhaskara Rao, founder of the centre.
"But out of this 10,000 crore, a fourth would be financed by unaccounted money. The two national parties - the Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party - alone will spend up to 1,000 crore in all," Rao told IANS.
He said parties across the world spend money during elections on publicity, surveys, campaigning, vehicles and aircraft. But in India there was also the phenomenon - "cash for vote", where candidates or parties lure the potential voter with money.
The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India, a leading industry lobby, says it has a solution to curb this menace - approval for state funding of elections and legislation to improve transparency.
"There should be legislation according to which election funding should be legalised through budgetary allocations and corporate donations for which income tax exemption should be extended to industry," said the chamber's secretary general, D.S. Rawat.
At the same time, some industry leaders felt that the corporate sector, too, can bring about a change by insisting on paying money to parties only through legal channels and denying any demand for cash payment.
"Corporates should make payments only through cheque or give money to registered trusts that fund electoral campaigns," said J.J. Irani, veteran industrialist and director of Tata Sons, the holding arm of one of India's biggest corporate houses.
"As a group, Tatas don't give money to any particular politician or party. But we have a Tata Elections Trust, which gives money to parties, provided certain conditions are met. That too we only pay through cheque."
Political parties, by and large support state funding of elections, but feel the ground reality today comes in the way.
"Yes! state funding of elections will prevent black money from entering the system and promote meritorious candidates. Our party is very much for it," said Bharatiya Janata Party vice president Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi.
"But it is not happening because this is a coalition era where there are many regional and unregistered parties that cannot be financed. If the government starts funding everyone, it will involve a huge cost."
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