The Role of AI in DevOps

By siliconindia   |   Saturday, 06 May 2023, 13:06 IST
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The Role of AI in DevOps

AI elevates DevOps to a new level of precision, quality, and dependability by streamlining and quickening every stage of the software development lifecycle.

The IT system's flexibility, security, and resilience are now better than ever due to the business ecosystems, regulatory frameworks, and consumerisation of IT demands that are rapidly expanding.

Continuous Deployment

From the time of manually initiating deployment operations using handwritten scripts to the present, when multi-stage automated deployment may be initiated with a single click, technology has played a critical role in automating software deployment. Despite this development, many organisations continue to struggle with failed and sub-optimal deployments with frequent rollbacks, which causes delayed launches and lost revenue. AI has the potential to be significant in managing deployment complexity and lowering failure rates.

Ontologies of an organisation's infrastructure assets, such as its software, databases, and hardware, can be developed for several settings, including development, testing, staging, and production. The knowledge of the subject matter expert, configuration management databases (CMDBs), and network discovery technologies can all be used to do this. In order to forecast potential errors in future implementations, ontology items can be kept, processed, and analysed along with system- and application-specific logs generated during previous deployments. These failures can be contrasted with the results of actual deployments to find new trends and apply lessons learned to preventive action to make subsequent deployments more predictable and dependable.

Continuous Testing

In the quality assurance (QA) process, AI can be efficiently used to support less evident but crucial auxiliary tasks beyond test execution and reporting. For instance, a smart assistant can be added to test engineers to automatically classify faults and find any duplication during testing execution. This can greatly streamline the otherwise laborious and time-consuming fault-triaging procedure.

When tests fail, logs can be examined for recurring patterns that can be used to train models that can identify the reasons why tests will fail in the future. The majority of test cases for systems in production, where they may already exist, can be converted using NLP into scripts that can be directly used by well-known automated testing frameworks. Additionally, to speed up execution and improve regression testing, similar tests can be grouped into clusters based on patterns derived from semantic similarity and past success or failure.       

Continuous Integration

To reduce risk, this stage entails integrating code from diverse developers and creating incremental builds frequently. When there are problems or failures, a chatbot with natural language generation (NLG) capabilities can provide personalised alerts and messages and trigger builds on demand. Additionally, it is possible to analyse historical data from earlier code commits, builds, and logs to identify trends and identify trouble spots so that similar pitfalls can be avoided in the future. Two further essential tasks that can profit from AI are unit testing and static code analysis. The outcomes of code analysis can be supplied into a conversation engine once it has been started in the background and finished when a developer commits the code. It may voice-over the output from a text summarising engine, providing instructions.

Continuous Planning

Business stakeholders anticipate increased functionality from programs and quick resolutions to problems. With continuous planning, inputs are gathered in a variety of structured and unstructured formats, such as feature or service requests, trouble tickets, customer feedback, surveys, and market analyses. The user stories that result from these inputs are then added to the product backlog after continuous evaluation.

It is possible to use natural language processing (NLP) to decipher unstructured inputs such as emails, voicemails, calls to customer service agents, and comments on the website. With the appropriate goal, it aids in better capturing the user requirements and problem issues. These comments can also be combined and summarised to give product owners and other business stakeholders insights that will help them organise and prioritise features and problem fixes for upcoming releases.

Continuous Monitoring and Feedback

Product owners, QA, and development teams can learn how the applications are functioning and being used by monitoring production releases. Large amounts of data are produced by the applications, dependent systems, tools, and other network components in the form of alerts, incidents, logs, events, and metrics. Through the use of supervised and unsupervised learning, AI can create trained models from this vast data set to help uncover new information. These models might help in spotting unusual behaviour that might lead to weaknesses and failures.

Furthermore, explicit feedback on problems experienced by end users can be obtained through a variety of channels, including voice-based interactive conversations, emails, and text messages. To better perform sentiment and usability analysis and comprehend the consumer experience with the product or service, this feedback and usage patterns can be analysed. The results of this research can eventually be used as crucial input for perfective maintenance or the development of new user stories that will improve the user experience.  

In conclusion, businesses across all industries are already being transformed by digital technologies. By guaranteeing that goods and services based on cutting-edge technology are ready for consumption seamlessly and consistently, DevOps plays a crucial part in this transformation story. By incorporating knowledge based on best practices and removing human and system faults, AI has the potential to advance the DevOps movement. Building adaptable, self-improving, and responsive autonomous systems is a seemingly impossible goal that can be achieved by dramatically shortening the concept to the deployment cycle.