Surge in Diabetes Can Hamper India's Economic Growth

Surge in Diabetes Can Hamper India's Economic Growth

Monday, 07 December 2015, 11:10 Hrs   |    1 Comments
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Mumbai:  With diabetes affecting a large section of India's population, the chronic health condition can adversely affect the country's economic growth, experts have warned.

"The financial burden of diabetes on India over the next 10 years can increase drastically and threaten the productivity level of the workforce in the country and loss of national income," said Dr Avinash Phadke of SRL Diagnostics in Mumbai.

"Diabetes must be made a national health priority, else it will impact India's growth as an emerging economy," Dr Phadke said.

A recent study from the University of East Anglia showed that diabetes reduces people's employment chances and wages around the world.

The study published earlier this year in the journal PharmacoEconomics looked into the economic impact of Type-II diabetes worldwide.

They were surprised to find not only a large cost burden in high-income countries, but also in low and middle-income countries - where people with diabetes and their families face high costs for treatment.

"Diabetes affects 382 million people worldwide, and that number is expected to grow to 592 million by 2035. It is a chronic disease that has spread widely in recent decades - not only in high-income countries, but also in many populous low and middle-income countries such as India and China," said lead researcher Till Seuring.

Dr Phadke said that diabetes is fast gaining the status of a potential epidemic in India with more than 62 million individuals currently diagnosed with the disease.

"It may affect 79.4 million individuals by 2030," Dr Phadke pointed out.

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Source: IANS
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Reader's comments(1)
1: Excellent article.
Globally, as of 2010, an estimated 285 million people had diabetes, with type 2 making up about 90% of the cases. In 2013, according to International Diabetes Federation, an estimated 381 million people had diabetes. Its prevalence is increasing rapidly, and by 2030, this number is estimated to almost double. Diabetes mellitus occurs throughout the world, but is more common (especially type 2) in the more developed countries. The greatest increase in prevalence is, however, expected to occur in Asia and Africa, where most patients will probably be found by 2030. The increase in incidence in developing countries follows the trend of urbanization and lifestyle changes, perhaps most importantly a "Western-style" diet. This has suggested an environmental (i.e., dietary) effect, but there is little understanding of the mechanism(s) at present, though there is much speculation, some of it most compellingly presented.
India has more diabetics than any other country in the world, according to the International Diabetes Foundation,[7] although more recent data suggest that China has even more. According to the Indian Heart Association, India is the diabetes capital of the world with a projected 109 million individuals with diabetes by 2035. The disease currently affects more than 62 million Indians, which is more than 7.1% of India's adult Population. An estimate shows that nearly 1 million Indians die due to Diabetes every year. The average age on onset is 42.5 years. The high incidence is attributed to a combination of genetic susceptibility plus adoption of a high-calorie, low-activity lifestyle by India's growing middle class. Additionally, a study by the American Diabetes Association reports that India will see the greatest increase in people diagnosed with diabetes by 2030.
In Africa, there is said to be one traditional healer to every 200 people; an estimated 80% of people in the continent turn to traditional medicine as a source of primary care, including those with diabetes. In settings that are characterized by shortcomings in healthcare provision resources, traditional healers are making selective use of biomedical knowledge and language to enhance the perceived effectiveness of their treatments. Paschal Awah discusses the use of traditional medicine in diabetes care in Africa, and makes a call for an inclusive approach to addressing the issues around popular traditional practices.
Healthcare in Africa is a complex business. While in the developed countries diabetes care is largely sought in medical healthcare centres, a rather different, pluralistic approach prevails in Africa. Many people often ‘supplement’ the care they receive in clinics and hospitals with treatment from traditional healers. In fact, it is estimated that traditional medicine provides 80%-90% of healthcare in Africa.1 Traditional medicine refers to practices and approaches that apply – separately or in combination – plant-, animal- and mineral-based medicines, spiritual therapies, manual techniques and exercises to diagnose, prevent and treat illnesses, or maintain or enhance well-being. Millions of people around the world use traditional medicine to help meet some of their primary healthcare needs. In industrialized countries, adaptations of traditional medicine are termed ‘complementary’ or ‘alternative’ medicine. Traditional medicine might provide as much as 80%-90% of healthcare in Africa. Traditional medicine and the cure for diabetes According to traditional beliefs, every illness has a cure. In the context of these beliefs, the scientific description of diabetes as a chronic non-communicable disease exposes the limitations of biomedical medicine and motivates people who subscribe to these widely held beliefs to turn to traditional healers. In traditional belief systems, diabetes is classified into three categories: naturally occurring, man-made and ancestral.3 The first category fits the biomedical explanation; the second and third point at causal agents such as witchcraft or supernatural beings (ancestors or a deity). A cure is believed to be available for each of these types of diabetes.

Though Scientifically these methods have to be proved, why not Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) support Research into traditional methods of curing Diabetes. In urban areas Diabetes is detected and control initiated while in most rural areas early detection is missing.
I am sure being a Global problem effective preventive methods and if not subsequent curing will go a long way in tackling this big health problem.
Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP)
Posted by:Anumakonda - 07 Dec, 2015