How the Government of India is Helping Farmers in the Country
The Government of India is trying its best to help farmers and develop the agricultural sector in the country by providing various schemes and services in the agriculture sector. The main motive behind these schemes is to encourage the farmers, improve crop production, and develop the agriculture sector of the country.
Let’s check out some of the most important schemes by the Indian Government in the Agriculture Sector:
1. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)
The Government of India is very much foxed about water conservation and its management in the country. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) is a scheme by the Government of India to extend the irrigation system in the country and improve the efficient use of water in the country.
The motto of this scheme is “Har Khet Ko Pani” which means water for every farm. Through this scheme, the government tends to focus on water source creation, its distribution, and management in the fields.
2. Electronic National Agriculture Market (E-NAM)
E-NAM or Electronic National Agriculture Market is an online trading portal for farmers. The portal unites all the existing APMC mandis in the country so that a single national market is available for agricultural commodities. This Portal is managed by the Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) under the patronage of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare, Government of India.
The objective of this scheme is to promote uniformity in the agriculture marketing sector and providing a common online marketplace to facilitate agriculture commodities and making the whole system of price discovery and auction transparent, which will depend on the quality of the crop.
3. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) is a crop insurance scheme by the Government of India that was launched in 2016. Under this scheme, the government provides insurance coverage and financial support to farmers in case there is crop failure or crop destruction due to natural calamities or any unforeseen events.
Through this initiative, the government of India aims to provide insurance coverage and financial support to the farmers in case of the failure of crops due to any unpredictable event. Along with this, the government also aims to stabilize the income of farmers so they can continue farming and encourage them to adopt modern-day agricultural technologies.
4. National Scheme on Welfare of Fishermen
This scheme was launched by the Indian Government to provide financial assistance to the fisherman for the construction of houses, community halls, and common working places. Under this scheme, the government also aims to install tube wells for drinking water and also provide financial assistance to fishermen during the lean period.
5. Micro Irrigation Fund
Under this scheme, the government of India approved a fund of 5000 Crore to bring more land area under micro-irrigation to promote agriculture, boost agriculture production, and empower farmers by providing them income.
The fund is set under the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) and it will provide this amount to the state at a lower rate of interest to promote micro-irrigation in the state. The country has a potential of about 70 million hectares for micro-irrigation and currently, the coverage is around 10 million hectares. Implementation of this will definitely boost the agricultural growth in the country.
6. PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana
PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana is a welfare scheme by the central government of India to provide financial aid to the farmers. Under this scheme, all the eligible applicants who have applied for the scheme will get 6000 per year as income support from the government of India. The scheme was launched by the India Government in December 2018 and all the farmers in the country can apply for this scheme regardless of their land area. The main objective of this scheme is to provide financial help to the farmers to improve their financial condition and encourage them to continue farming which will result in the growth of the agriculture sector in the Country.
7. Livestock Insurance Scheme
The livestock Insurance Scheme aims to protect the farmers and cattle rearers who own crossbred and high-yielding cattle against any loss of the animal due to any unpredictable circumstance such as natural accident, diseases, surgical operations, terrorist acts, etc. The objective of this scheme is to provide the benefit of insurance of livestock and cattle to the farmers and cattle rearers to attain improvement in livestock/cattle and their products. This scheme is under the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries and at the state level State Livestock Development Boards. Interested beneficiaries can contact the respective departments to apply for this scheme.
8. Scheme on Fisheries Training and Extension
It is a scheme by the central government under the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying, and Fisheries for the development of fishermen in the country by providing them with training opportunities and encouraging them by providing various welfare services. This scheme is only for the fishermen to improve their skills and give them assistance for setting up fish farms.
9.Gramin Bhandaran Yojana
Gramin Bhandaran Yojana is a capital investment subsidy scheme by the government of India for the construction and preparation of rural godowns and warehouses for storing farming produce. When the farmers don’t have enough holding capacity then they are forced to sell their produce in distress immediately after harvest which hampers their economical conditions.
10. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is a scheme to promote organic farming in the country. The scheme was launched in 2015 and according to this initiative, the farmers will be encouraged to form groups and take on organic farming methods over larger areas in the country.
Through this initiative, the government aims to promote organic farming, reduction in the use of fertilizers and agricultural chemicals, improve the quality of soil and soil health while at the same time increasing the yield of the produce.
Through this scheme, the government aims to increase the farm produce holding capacity which will help the farmers and they will be able to avoid distress sale and sell the produce at rewarding prices which will encourage them to continue farming.
These were some of the schemes that the Government of India is providing to its citizens. Apart from these agricultural schemes, the Government of India is also providing various schemes in various other sectors such as National Scholarship Portal, SSY (Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana), etc to help the citizens as much as possible in various sectors.