Everything You Need to Know About the Coronavirus
As of now, the coronavirus has killed 81 people in China and the authorities in China claim that the incubation period can range from one to 14 days. Let us check out the facts about the virus, called 2019-nCoV, which can be transmitted among humans and belongs to the same coronavirus family as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
What is Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In rare cases, this virus can cause respiratory infections which are generally mild. The size of coronaviruses range from approximately 26 to 32 kilobases and the name ‘coronavirus’ was derived from Latin corona and the Greek, meaning crown or halo.
Where & How
The first infections were detected in the Chinese city of Wuhan, which was traced back to a wild animal and fish market. The virus has been transmitted via the air just like many germs. The viruses that can be spread between humans and animals are called zoonotic diseases. If an unaffected person comes into contact with the secretions of an infected person, such as sneezing, handshake or cough.
The common symptoms include cough, fever, shortness of breath. However, there are reports of non-respiratory symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or diarrhoea. However, most people recover with a few days, but the ones with a weakened immune system, especially in the young, and elderly develop infections like bronchitis or pneumonia.
Unluckily, no vaccines or antiviral drugs that are approved for prevention or treatment, but scientists are trying hard to understand the virus. Also, the Chinese health authorities have posted coronavirus’s full genome in international databases. As of now, no approved antivirals for the coronavirus has been found out and the ones in sickest condition will improve if they are provided with specializing, aggressive care in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). It is reported that, prevention is the best option to reduce the risk of infection, which includes avoiding contact with people and also it is suggested to wash hands with soap for at least 20 seconds.