10 Countries with the Highest Number of Enslaved People

2. China: The world’s most populous country, China, with an estimated 2,800,000 to 3,100,000 in modern slavery emerges as the nation witnessing the second highest number of modern day slavery. According to the index, modern day slavery in this country includes the forced labor of men, women and children in many parts of the economy, including domestic servitude and forced begging, the sexual exploitation of women and children, and forced marriage. In addition, slavery within China is particularly connected to the massive internal migration of workers from rural to urban areas.

1. India: With a population of over 1.2 billion people, India exhibits different forms of modern slavery, from severe forms of inter-generational bonded labor across various industries to the worst forms of child labor, commercial sexual exploitation, and forced and servile marriage. The country, today, is a home to nearly half of the world’s modern-day slaves.

In India, modern slave are not just human trafficking by cold-blooded criminals in neglected corners of earth, but educated elite and global corporations too actively involved in it. The exploitation of Indian citizens within the country itself is by far the largest proportion of this problem, particularly through debt bondage and bonded labour. Although, India has excellent anti-slavery laws, enforcement is infrequent and incompatible. India remains one of the few countries not to have approved the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention.

“India is a country of vast dimensions. The formidable challenge is the enormity of the problem, both in number of trafficked persons and increasing number of locations,” said the report.

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